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Your search found 789 Results

  1. 776

    Rising costs of energy and the rural renaissance.

    Baumgartner R; Fuguitt GV; Rathbun P; Voss PR

    [Unpublished] 1982. Paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, Calif., Apr. 29-May 1, 1982. 39 p.

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  2. 777

    An econometric macromodel of lifecycle consumption, fertility, and leisure choice.

    Denton FT; Spencer BG

    [Unpublished] 1982. Paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, Calif., Apr. 29-May 1, 1982. 31 p.

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  3. 778

    An economic analysis of the timing of child birth.

    Happel SK; Hill JK; Low SA

    [Unpublished] 1982. Paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, Calif., Apr. 29-May 1, 1982. 35 p.

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  4. 779

    The socio-cultural effects of intraregional migration.

    Khoury M

    In: International migration in the Arab world: proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981, v. 1. Beirut, Lebanon, U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia, 1982. 591-623.

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  5. 780

    Circulation and proletarianisation.

    Standing G

    Geneva, Switz., International Labour Organisation, 1982. 35 p. (World Employment Programme research working papers; Population and Labour Policies Programme working paper, no. 119; WEP 2-21/WP.119)

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  6. 781
    Peer Reviewed

    Caribbean family and household organization: some conceptual clarifications.

    Rubenstein H

    Journal of Comparative Family Studies. 1983 Autumn; 14(3):283-298.

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  7. 782

    Running faster to stay in place; family income and the baby boom.

    Sternlieb G; Hughes JW

    American Demographics. 1982 Jun; 4(6):16-19, 42.

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  8. 783

    New men.

    Prescott E

    American Demographics. 1983 Aug; 5(8):16-21, 45.

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  9. 784

    Counting on Wall Street.

    Nordberg OS

    American Demographics. 1983 Aug; 5(8):22-25.

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  10. 785

    How consumers spend.

    Robey B; Russell C

    American Demographics. 1983 Oct; 5(10):17-21.

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  11. 786

    Kingdom of Thailand.

    Spain D

    International Demographics. 1983 Dec; 2(12):4-9.

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  12. 787

    Consumption, family size, schooling and labour supply decisions: estimates of a linear expenditure system for Bangladesh.

    Khandker S; Butterfield D

    Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, McMaster University, 1983. 48 p. (QSEP research report, no. 77)

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  13. 788

    World tables, from the data files of the World Bank, 3d ed.

    World Bank

    Baltimore, Md., Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

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  14. 789

    [Causal hypotheses on fertility: the preponderant role of the family unit] Hipotesis causales sobre fecundidad: el papel preponderante de la unidad familiar.

    Aguinaga Roustan J

    Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas. 1983 Jan-Mar; (21):83-101.

    This article reviews fertility theories proposed by economists, sociologists, and demographers over the past few decades and assesses their suitability to the Spanish case. In the early 1960s the foundations for the so-called new home economics were laid by Becker and others of the Chicago school of microeconomics. Becker held that once contraception became available to all population groups, childbearing decisions would be made in the same way as those for any other consumer good. Becker concluded that income is a direct function of the number of children and their quality. In 1962 Friedmann, within the same model, argued that children like automobiles or any other good-were associated with benefits as well as costs. Judith Blake in 1968 criticized both positions, pointing out that the rich have not had more children in any developed society and that the acquisition of children is not under the same cost constraints as that of other goods. Modifications of the theory by Becker gave greater importance to sociological variables. Leibenstein proposed an explanatory model which related fertility change to economic development through an examination of costs and benefits at different stages. Easterlin used the theory of Kuznets cycles to argue that the size of a cohort is related negatively to its fertility, with the fundamental variable being the labor market. He later proposed a more elaborate model that synthesized economic and sociological arguments and introduced new variables with emphasis on endogenous preferences and ferility. Use of sociological concepts such as "tastes", "desires", and "behavior", and of the term "relative" to suggest subjective perceptions depending on cultural context has become common in economic theories of fertility. The only fertility model elaborated in demography is that of the demographic transition, which has been criticized for being more descriptive than explanatory. In sociology a series of variables have been related to fertility, with only partial success. Some of the hypotheses were studied by means of large surveys, a program culmintting in the World Fertility Survey. Fertility differentials by income and rural or urban residence have been the only 2 generalizable findings to date. Finally, the analytical model of Davis and Blake listed the intermediate variables through which social factors were related to fertility. Sociological explanations are increasing in importance for nonsociologists, especially economists and demographers, and family structure in particular has assumed strategic importance. A scarcity of empirical work on fertility in Spain has hampered testing of fertility theories there. Hypotheses bearing on the determinants of fertility decisions should be tested in Spain, with preconscious-factors such as imitation, pressure exerted by the family and social circle, and affective relations as well as structural factors examined.
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