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    Cost of AIDS care in Mexico: What are its main predictors? Working paper. Draft. [Costo de la atención del SIDA en México: ¿Cuáles son sus principales factores de predicción? Documento de trabajo. Versión preliminar]

    Aracena B; Gutierrez JP

    [Unpublished] 2002. Prepared for the IAEN Economics of HIV / AIDS in Developing Countries Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-7, 2002. 17 p.

    Though Mexico has a relatively low HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (estimated by UNAIDS at 0.29% at the end of 1999), AIDS has become an important issue for the health care system because of the high costs associated with treatment. Since the beginning of the epidemic and through the end of 2001, a total of 51,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in Mexico (CENSIDA 2001), USAID. but because delay in report and sub-notification the number estimate of cases are around 64,000. Mexico’s 100 million inhabitants (INEGI) receive their health care from a health system composed of three principal subsystems: (a) a number of social security institutes that provide health insurance for the formally employed and their families (almost 50 million beneficiaries) and is financed by earmarked employer and employees payroll taxes plus legally mandated government contributions; (b) governmental services headed by the Ministry of Health (MoH) and limited NGO services for the uninsured population (estimated at around 48 million), and (c) a large private sector that is almost entirely financed out-of-pocket as the private insurance market comprises less than 2 million enrollees. The Mexican Institute for Social Security, the main social security institution, offers AIDS treatment, including antiretrovirals (ARVs), for all of its affiliates who need it. (excerpt)
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