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Interactions between mortality levels and the allocation of time for leisure, training, consumption and saving over the life cycle
In: Consequences of mortality trends and differentials. New York, New York, U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, 1986. 126-31. (Population Studies no. 95, ST/ESA/SER.A/95)The author seeks to develop a framework depicting the interaction of mortality levels and the allocation of time for leisure, training, consumption, and saving over the life cycle in the context of a household's decision-making process. "The discussion suggests that longevity is conducive to saving, schooling and training, and technological change. Rising survivorship is postulated to be a major force behind rising productivity because rising levels of productivity are almost the only means to spread consumption of goods and leisure over an increasing life span." (EXCERPT)
Manila, Commission on Population and the University of Philippines Population Institute, August 1973. 65pIn the Philippines, because of differential trends in fertility and mortality, the rate of natural increase--which may be viewed as a measure of population growth rate, since migration is negligible--rose to 32 per 1000 in 1960 from 12 per 1000 in 1903. Today 1/2 of the population is under 18 years of age, the completed family size is around 6 children, and the annual growth rate is 3.01%. The population problem of Filipinos, then, is a pressing one. This chartbook shows the effects of rapid population growth on socioeconomic development, and presents the measures taken to curb the growth rate. In 1973, family planning clinics were functioning in all major provinces. The acceptance rates from December 1969 to July 1973 ranged from nearly 400 per 1000 population in Manila to 140 per 1000 population in Southern Mindanao. During the same period, more than 1/2 of the acceptors chose the pill as their first method. Approximately 1 in 6 accepted the condom, 1 in 7 the IUD and 1 in 10 rhythm. The costs per couple year of protection present a general downward trend. From fiscal year 1960 to 1976, the growth rate is expected to decline from 3% to 2.57%.