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  1. 1
    033093

    Commodity production and population control in rural areas.

    Wang M

    POPULATION RESEARCH. 1986 Apr; 3(2):9-14.

    The effect of growth of rural commodity production in China on population is discussed theoretically. In primitive societies, rural people desire more children to do the work; in capitalist societies they desire fewer because children need to be educated and interfere with consumption. In socialist societies, desired family size depends on the developmental level. In China, rural industrial output made up 11.7% of the national product in 1982, and is growing. The economic structure is changing so that 100 million people will be working in rural enterprises by 2000. Childbearing practices will change as people are freed from the land. Several trends will limit population growth. As incomes rise, desire for consumer goods will decrease population growth. Investment in production, technical education, science and culture will increase. Rural development will make funds available to spend on family planning. On the other hand, rural commodity production may stimulate population growth temporarily because currently the production unit is the family, and many specialized workers are needed to run these enterprises. Other factors, such as traffic and poor transport in market towns, slow change in attitudes of rural people, the tradition of small production units will reverse family planning trends. Another possible factor is focusing effort on material production rather than family planning work. Measures to be taken to enhance family planning while rural development takes place include: encouragement of large-scale production and specialization of labor; investment in education in technology, science, culture and health; adaptation of family planning methods to local conditions; and training of more and better qualified family planning workers.
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  2. 2
    091092

    Population theory in China.

    Tien H

    White Plains, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1980. x, 129 p.

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  3. 3
    029959

    [Personal consumption and the mechanisms of population growth: a collection of articles] Lichnoe potreblenie v mekhanizme vosproizvodstva naseleniya: sbornik statei

    Kirtovskii IK; Netesin YN; Eglite PA

    Riga, USSR, Zinatne, 1983. 170 p.

    This collection of papers by different authors is concerned with socioeconomic aspects of population reproduction in the USSR. Topics considered include the functions of production and consumption under Socialism, the development of private consumption within the labor force as a means of raising social production, income and the formation of the labor potential of the family, the role of distribution ratios in population growth, some methodological issues involved in studying the regional impact of living standards on population growth, the relationship between family stability and selected material and social-psychological characteristics, and the employment of women and the education of children in society.
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