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  1. 1

    Benefits and safety of dietary iodine intake in India.

    Kapil U; Pathak P; Singh P

    Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2003; 2(1):43-45.

    In India. Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) are present throughout the country. Out of 275 districts surveyed by Government of India institutions, Indian Council of Medical Research and Central Goiter Survey Teams in different States and Union Territories, 235 have been found to be endemic for iodine deficiency disorders (Tiwari et al., 1998; I.C.M.R., 1989) Deficiency of Iodine, which is among the body's essential micro nutrients, is both easy and inexpensive to prevent. Iodine is an essential element for normal growth and development in animals and humans. It is required for synthesis of the thyroid hormones i.e., thyroxine (T(-4)) and tri-iodothyronine (T(-3)). Thyroid hormones bring about a wide variety of vital physiological processes such as early growth and development of the brain and body in man. Scientific studies in India and elsewhere have shown that nutritional iodine deficiency causes deficiency of thyroid hormones during foetal life and childhood. A normal healthy thyroid gland of an adult human contains 8-12 mg iodine. This can be reduced to as low as 1 mg or less in iodine endemic areas (Ranganathan and Reddy, 1995). (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Clinicians clash with consumer groups over possible Depo ban.


    In the US, the Native American Women's Health Education Resources Center, the Latina Roundtable on Health and Reproductive Rights, the National Women's Health Network (NWHN), and the National Black Women's Health Project joined together to request that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) impose a moratorium on the use of the contraceptive injectable Depo-Provera. These consumer advocates maintain that Depo-Provera has never been proved to be safe. These same groups issued early warnings about potential problems with the removal of the Norplant, and their efforts led to new patient information inserts for Norplant which include reports of adverse reactions to the implants which were not revealed by clinical studies. The consumer groups agree that Depo-Provera is an effective contraceptive but express serious reservations about its potential side effects, including the possibility of an increase in breast cancer among users, a link to osteoporosis, and a risk of low birth rate for infants exposed in utero. The USFDA is following its usual protocol with Depo-Provera and is continuing to monitor any adverse health effects. In the meantime, the consumer groups are pressing for universal use of informed-consent forms which follow a minimum standard. Such a form is used by the NWHN and is reproduced as a companion to this article.
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