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  1. 1

    Population, Consumption and Ecology project enters publication and dissemination phase.

    Coward H


    In 1993, an article in the "Atlantic Monthly" summarized population perspectives from a variety of disciplines but never mentioned religion. By 1994, the views of Muslims and Catholics were particularly evident at the 1994 Cairo UN Conference on Population and Development. Religious views affected draft documents of the conference, conference discussions, and the final Program of Action. The Cairo meetings were the first UN summits that allowed the contributions of nongovernmental organizations, including religious groups, at three preparatory meetings, the Cairo conference itself, and subsequent UN meetings in Copenhagen and Beijing. The Cairo conference evolved into a discussion of environmental degradation, population pressure, and excessive consumption, a departure from its original focus on the population problem and development. Current challenges are the trends in reproduction and consumption that threaten future generations and the ecology of the earth. World solutions will now engage religions and others knowledgeable about natural and human sciences. The Religious Consultation project is producing its publication on the wisdom of religions on population pressure, excessive consumption, and ecological degradation. The Project participants include US scholars from Kent State in Ohio (Islam), University of Wisconsin-Saint Clair (Buddhism), Drew University (Christianity), Colombia (Christianity), University of Florida-Gainsville (Hinduism), Rutgers University (Chinese religions), UCLA (Judaism), University of California-Santa Barbara (North American aboriginal religions), and a Japanese scholar from Bunkyo University (Buddism). The publications will include a formal one, a popular edition, and a theme issue in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion in the summer of 1997.
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  2. 2


    In: Human population, biodiversity and protected areas: science and policy issues. Report of a workshop, April 20-21, 1995, Washington, DC, edited by Victoria Dompka. Washington, D.C., American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS], International Directorate, 1996. 11-7.

    This chapter presents the recommendations of natural and social scientists, policymakers, and natural resource managers at a 1995 population and biodiversity workshop. The recommendations pertain to policy and field-oriented scientific research priorities. Three guidelines are identified. 1) Scientific research must pertain to improvement in the understanding of the relationships between human population dynamics and biodiversity loss and protection. 2) Effective research involves a number of specific approaches. 3) Research funding must be provided by policymakers and institutions. For example, research must involve a review and analysis of existing scientific data, information, and knowledge about the links between population, biodiversity, and protected areas; relevant government and nongovernment policies; and lessons learned from success stories. Population dynamics research should focus on how population dynamics effect on biodiversity in the local protected area and on the root causes of the population dynamics that negatively impact on biodiversity. Long and short term impacts must be considered. Available population dynamics data sources need to be identified for specific sites. Data should be collected in order to fill in the data gaps. A flaw in existing data is aggregation within political rather than ecological boundaries. Participants recommended determining which aspects of resource consumption and pollution were linked with population dynamics' effect on biodiversity and protected areas. Population dynamics issues include topics in population dynamics, biodiversity, resource consumption, local people, and social, cultural, and economic issues.
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  3. 3

    Report of the Regional Information, Education and Communication Conference, Coconut Grove, Florida, December 6-10, 1987.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Western Hemisphere Region [WHR]

    New York, New York, IPPF, WHR, 1988. [2], 36 p.

    The purpose of the Regional Information, Education, and Communications Conference, held in Florida in December 1987, was to examine new ideas in information, education, and communication (IEC) with regard to reaching 3 general audiences -- adolescents, the family planning consumer, and the public-at-large -- and to explore the application of these ideas at the family planning association level. An abridged version of the discussions is included in these proceedings. In the session devoted to using the life planning methodology to reach adolescents, several countries gave presentations on their adolescent programs. Grenada, Mexico, Guatemala, Suriname, Chile, and Panama all have special programs for adolescents. The programs include a wide range of medical, educational, and recreational activities. The objective of the session addressing consumer marketing techniques in the family planning field was to encourage family planning organizations to use the consumer marketing approach of matching and promoting their services in relation to consumer needs and preferences. Conference participants were divided into 4 working groups to discuss consumer marketing of clinics. Each group focused on 4 questions: Why are clinics underutilized; what can be done to improve clinic services to that they lend themselves to better marketing; what ideas can be suggested for more effective marketing and promotion of clinic services; and what assistance, if any, should the regional office provide in helping family planning associations embark on clinic marketing programs. The working groups concluded that the principal reasons clinics are underutilized are poor geographical location, inadequate scheduling of visiting hours, and insufficient public information on clinics and the services they provide. The working groups suggested several measures that family planning associations could take to increase utilization of clinic services: offer a diversity of services at low prices; commercialize promotional materials; attend to the comfort of patients and provide incentive to "spread the word;" and determine the problems of each clinic and design a plan on how to offer quality services in an organized manner. The last session of the conference dealt with the importance of public information programs for the family planning associations in creating a positive public image and improving relations with governments.
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  4. 4

    Basic human needs: a development planning approach.

    Crosswell MJ

    In: Basic needs and development. Edited by Danny M. Leipziger. Cambridge, Mass., Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain, 1981. 1-28.

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  5. 5

    City population and per capita city government expenditures.

    Barlow R

    In: Research in population economics, v. 4. Edited by Julian L. Simon and Peter H. Lindert. Greenwich, Conn., JAI Press, 1982. 49-82.

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