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[New York, New York], United Nations, 1998 Dec.  p. (1999 Global Population. The Facts of Life)This article focuses on the population dynamics of the US. As of November 1998, the US population has reached 274 million, which is considered to be the third-highest in the world, next to China with 1.2 billion and India with 982.2 million. A census conducted in mid-1999 revealed that the US rate of natural increase is 0.6%, with US legal immigrants potentially numbering 820,000 in 1999. Furthermore, it was observed that the US fertility rate (average number of birth per woman) is 1.96, highest of all industrialized nations. In addition, US life expectancy is 73.4 years for men and 80.1 years for women, compared with the global average life for men of 63.4 years and 67.7 years for women. Infant mortality rate is 7 deaths per 1000 live births (compared with the world average of 57/1000)--higher than that in 14 other industrialized countries. These growth rates are declining, although UN estimates that the US population will increase to 332.5 million by 2025, with global humanity numbering 8.039 billion, which is about 360 million less than estimates made 5 years ago.
Washington, D.C., Worldwatch Institute, 1998 Sep. 89 p. (Worldwatch Paper No. 143)This study looks at 16 dimensions or effects of population growth in order to gain a better perspective on how future population trends are likely to affect the human prospect. The evidence gathered here indicates that the rapid population growth prevailing in a majority of the world's countries is not going to continue much longer. Either countries will get their act together, shifting quickly to smaller families, or death rates will rise from one or more [stresses such as AIDS, ethnic conflicts, or water shortages]. The sixteen topics are grain production, fresh water, biodiversity, climate change, oceanic fish catch, jobs, cropland, forests, housing, energy, urbanization, natural recreation areas, education, waste, meat production, and income. (EXCERPT)