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Manila, Commission on Population and the University of Philippines Population Institute, August 1973. 65pIn the Philippines, because of differential trends in fertility and mortality, the rate of natural increase--which may be viewed as a measure of population growth rate, since migration is negligible--rose to 32 per 1000 in 1960 from 12 per 1000 in 1903. Today 1/2 of the population is under 18 years of age, the completed family size is around 6 children, and the annual growth rate is 3.01%. The population problem of Filipinos, then, is a pressing one. This chartbook shows the effects of rapid population growth on socioeconomic development, and presents the measures taken to curb the growth rate. In 1973, family planning clinics were functioning in all major provinces. The acceptance rates from December 1969 to July 1973 ranged from nearly 400 per 1000 population in Manila to 140 per 1000 population in Southern Mindanao. During the same period, more than 1/2 of the acceptors chose the pill as their first method. Approximately 1 in 6 accepted the condom, 1 in 7 the IUD and 1 in 10 rhythm. The costs per couple year of protection present a general downward trend. From fiscal year 1960 to 1976, the growth rate is expected to decline from 3% to 2.57%.