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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Population dynamics and consumer demand.

    Ketkar KW; Ketkar SL

    APPLIED ECONOMICS. 1987 Nov; 19(11):1,483-95.

    The authors analyze the effects on consumption in the United States of 11 demographic variables, including "regional location and the urban/rural base of the household, its age, size, race, sex and marital characteristics, and the education and the employment status of the household head and the spouse." Data are from the 1972-1973 Consumer Expenditure Survey. The expenditure functions are first specified, followed by descriptions of the data sources and the empirical estimates of expenditure functions for various items of consumption spending. (EXCERPT)
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  2. 2

    [Population in the planning of human settlements] La poblacion en la planeacion de los asentamientos humanos.

    Eibenschutz Hartman R; Juarez Aguirre E; Miranda Melo N

    In: Memoria del Seminario sobre la Poblacion y el Desarrollo Regional y Urbano, Aguascalientes, AGS, Septiembre de 1982, [compiled by] Mexico. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO]. Mexico City, Mexico, CONAPO, 1984 Jul. 63-79.

    This 2-part article contains a section which explores the relationship between population and urban development, specifically in Mexico, and a section which describes the objectives and content of a manual on the handling of socioeconomic aspects in urban planning. It is commonly recognized that population is an important factor in settlement planning, but population is rarely taken into account after the initial stages of the planning process. Population implies demand in urban planning: demand for schools, clinics, roads, transportation, housing, and other infrastructure and services. The focus in urban development planning should achieve a balance between viewing the population as a homogeneous mass requiring services and differentiating between the consumption needs of individuals of different socioeconomic levels. A useful population study for urban development planning must be based on 4 premises: 1) the population and its characteristics depend on the economic and social development not just in the population center but in the surrounding region and perhaps nation 2) in some cases, such as connurbations, the characteristics of a population are not primarily the result of economic development of the original area, and preexisting population characteristics are of little relevance for planning purposes 3) the planning process is immersed in a political context of which the population forms an active part, and 4) for urban development planning, it is not enough to treat the situation of individuals with regard to the productive apparatus in a mechanical fashion. Based on these general considerations and conceptual premises, the Director General of Population Centers of the Secretariat of Human Settlements and Public Works, with the collaboration of the National Population Council, is developing a "Manual of Socioeconomic and Demographic Aspects for Urban Development Planning of Population Centers". The objectives of the manual will be to overcome the spacialist character of urban planning in Mexico by insisting on consideration of social and economic aspects, to provide an overall understanding of the urban planning process to persons responsible for local plalnning using a simple methodology, and to train local planning teams in the treatment of socioeconomic aspects. To make the accessible to persons with little background in socioeconomic analysis, short analyses of each aspect will contain an introduction relating the aspect to urban development and planning, definitions of all the concepts utilized, operationalization of concepts, and sources of information. The main body of the manual will analyze demographic aspects including fertility, mortality, and migration; economic aspects, including the major economic activities of the locality, the labor force, and the history of the local economy; and social aspects, including social structure and organization and the role of the state. The manual will include a catalogue of all available sources of socioeconomic and demographic data, suggested alternative sources of data, and instructions for conducting simple surveys. It is strongly recommended that disaggregated census data be made available for local pllanning purposes.
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