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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    An integrated primary health-care and provitamin A household food-production program: Impact on food-consumption patterns.

    Faber M; Venter S; Phungula MA; Benade AJ

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2001; 22(4):370-375.

    Food diversification is a long-term food-based strategy to address vitamin A deficiency. In order to improve the vitamin A status of preschool children in a rural South African community, a home-based food-production program targeting provitamin A-rich foods was integrated with a community-based growth-monitoring system. This integrated system provided the infrastructure needed for nutritional education and promotion of the food-production program. Dietary intake was collected by 24-hour recall at baseline and 12 and 20 months after implementation of the food-production program. At baseline, the median intake of vitamin A was 150 µg RE. One year after implementation, the vitamin A intake increased to 1,133 µg RE in children from households with a project garden and to 640 µg RE in control children. Eight months later, vitamin A intake was 493 µg RE in children from households with a project garden and 129 µg RE in control children. We concluded that a home-based food-production program resulted in a significant increase in vitamin A intake. Home gardens should therefore be promoted, but they should focus on foods needed to address specific nutrient deficiencies. (author's)
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  2. 2

    [Drug management manual for primary healthcare facilities] Manuel de gestion des médicaments au niveau des formations sanitaires de base.

    Morocco. Ministère de la Santé. Direction des Hôpitaux et des Soins Ambulatoires. Division des Soins Ambulatoires

    [Rabat], Morocco, Ministère de la Santé, Direction des Hôpitaux et des Soins Ambulatoires, Division des Soins Ambulatoires, 2002 Mar. 44 p.

    This guide to drug management, prepared by the ministry of health of Morocco in the context of its policy aimed at improving the quality of care and services, constitutes a reference tool for sensitizing and training healthcare personnel. The goal in its development is to ensure access to medications, increasing their availability through a national strategy of acquisition and management of drugs and medical devices. The guide explains the notion of generic drugs, essential drugs and vital drugs; it outlines their streamlining through steps reflecting the pharmaceutical policy based on the concept of essential and vital drugs, the national list of which is one of the pillars; drug prescriptions; the fight against waste; information and education of patients about their proper use; and finally the control of the cycle of drug management whose basic functions are founded on four principles: selection, acquisition, distribution and utilization. The utilization of drugs as described by the guide involves rules to be observed for proper prescription, writing the prescription, dispensing medications and their use for the patient. The practical portion of the guide offers techniques for rational management of medications such as inventory management, order management and preventing loss. Indicators for tracking and evaluating consumption as well as information media are thus offered in order to permit those who make decisions about drugs to control drug management properly.
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