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  1. 1

    2001 Behavioural Surveillance Survey in Yunnan and Sichuan. Condom point of sale report.

    Horizon Market Research; Futures Group Europe

    Beijing, China, Horizon Market Research, 2002 Dec. [40] p.

    A modified behavioural surveillance (BSS) study was carried out Yunnan and Sichuan in late 2001 by Horizon Market Research on behalf of The Futures Group Europe (FGE), which is a partner under the 2000-2005 China-UK HIV Prevention and Care Project, with funding from the Department of International Development (DFID). FGE has a contract with DFID (prime contract number CNTR 00 0383) to carry out a condom social marketing (CSM) project in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces with the goal of helping China mount an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in China. The CSM Project has six components: Understanding the factors affecting risky behaviour and condom use by high-risk groups; Building consensus and disseminating lessons learned (related to CSM) among the key stakeholders; Raised awareness of risky behaviour and of condoms as both an effective and acceptable prevention among target population; and reduced stigma and more tolerant attitudes of general population towards those with STIs and HIV/AIDS; Consistently improved access (physical, social, and economic) by target groups to high quality condoms; Condoms marketed under the CSM meet World Health Organization specifications; and A successful business model for sustainable private sector delivery of condoms to high-risk groups. This report is one of three from the behavioural surveillance survey, carried out in Yunnan and Sichuan in July through October 2001. The other reports focus on sex workers and adult males. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Innovation-diffusion or adjustment: the case of Taiwanese fertility transition.

    Sun TH; Ting TY


    This study uses KAP data sets to analyze the determinants of Taiwan's fertility decline between 1964 and 1980 and to evaluate whether innovation-diffusion or adjustment or both can be applied to explain the transition. Furthermore, this study examines the roles of innovation-diffusion and adjustment in the stages of the transition of Taiwan's fertility from high to low levels. The 5 cross-sectional KAP surveys, collected by the Taiwan Provincial Institute of Family Planning and used in this study, focus on the fertility behavior of married women living in Taiwan in 1965, 1969, 1970, 1973, and 1980. Analyses of both cross-sectional and pooled-time series data sets provide evidence to support the theory that demand-side diffusion of birth control behavior from urban centers to more rural areas plays an important role in Taiwan's fertility transition. Contradictory findings on the supply-side of diffusion suggest that family planning programs have no consistently direct effects on fertility behavior. The adjustment variables of wife's education, husband's occupation, and the index of consumer goods generally have important influences on changes in family size, suggesting that the adjustment model has significant impact on fertility transition in Taiwan. Duration of marriage, not surprisingly, is the most powerful explanatory variable. Overall, the innovation-diffusion model is more useful in explaining Taiwanese fertility transition in the 1960s, and the adjustment model plays a more important role throughout the late years.
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  3. 3
    Peer Reviewed

    Rising death rates among Polish men

    Cooper R; Schatzkin A; Sempos C

    International Journal of Health Services. 1984; 14(2):289-302.

    All-causes mortality rates turned sharply upward for Polish men around 1972. Increases of 25 percent or greater were recorded for all five-year age groups between 40 and 59 years. Other indices, including infant mortality and death rates for women, either continued to improve or did not change. The primary causes accounting for this upturn appear to be cardiovascular diseases and cancer of the lung. It is found that "the epidemiological pattern in Poland reflects in part the long-term trend for consumption of food, alcohol, and tobacco to approximate that found in Western industrialized countries....Although it is still too early to see the effect of the social crisis of the last two years, economic disruption and shortages are not the main factors accounting for the upturn in Polish mortality through 1980. In fact, the success of the Polish economic strategy appears to be the underlying social cause." (EXCERPT)
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