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Design of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey: considerations on collecting data on decedents.
PUBLIC HEALTH REPORTS. 1989 Mar-Apr; 104(2):183-8.This is a review of the design and methodology of the U.S. National Mortality Followback Survey. The survey "was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics on a national probability sample of adult deaths in the United States in 1986. Data were collected on (a) socioeconomic differentials in mortality, (b) prevention of premature death by inquiring into the association of risk factors and cause of death, (c) health care services provided in the last year of life, and (d) the reliability of certain items reported on the death certificate. In addition to demographic characteristics of the decedent available from the death certificate and the questionnaire, information was secured on cigarette smoking practices, alcohol use, food consumption patterns, use of hospital, nursing home, and hospice care, sources of payment for care, duration of disability, and assistance with activities of daily living." (EXCERPT)
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION. 1975 Sep; 50(9):839-48.The importance of consumer perceptions of health care services in relation to behavioral outcome was assessed in 903 household interviews in rural Illinois. The interview scale was designed to measure evaluation of health care in the area, beliefs about physician behavior, reasons for postponing doctor visits, and general attitudes toward health care services. The 18 factor scores that measured consumer perceptions were found to explain a significant amount of the variance in terms of the behavioral outcomes of number of physician visits during the preceding year, whether or not the respondent scheduled a medical check-up when not sick during the prior year, whether annual dental visits were made, and whether there had been a change in physician as a result of patient dissatisfaction. Covariates such as health status or ability to pay less significant than perceptual measures. Of particular significance were measures of patient perceptions regarding the conduct of physicians and other health care providers in relation to their patients, especially continuity and humaneness of care. Quality of care factors that emerged as significant were thoroughness, preventive measures, surgical conservatism, female health care, use of medication, information giving, and use of the health care system. These findings indicate that the perceptions of consumers of health care should be given greater emphasis in the planning and evaluation of health care systems. The authors are currently involved in further refinement and validation of rating scales that emphasize the consumer viewpoint.
Bogota, Colombia, DANE, 1984 Dec. 580 p.This volume contains recent and earlier statistics on a variety of social and economic topics in Colombia. The work opens with a description in Spanish and English of general background on the geography, population, economy, and government and administrative structure of Colombia, followed by geographic and economic profiles of each of the country's 23 departments, 4 intendencies, and 5 commisaries. Chapter 3, on demography, provides population figures from censuses dating back to 1770; age and sex distributions from the 1951, 1964, and 1973 censuses; results of studies of the population resident in private housing; data on birth registration between 1976-82; and discussion of various aspects of the demography of Latin America. The following chapters consider educational status, illiteracy, and educational needs and facilities at the primary, secondary, and higher level; labor force participation rates by sex and geographic areas and unemployment; results of the National Food, Nutrition, and Housing Survey of 1981; health resources and services; the civil and criminal justice systems; and information on elections and returns for various elections. The remaining 14 chapters provide data on significant areas of economic activity, including agriculture and animal husbandry, manufacturing and industry, construction and housing, prices, salaries and income, public finance, national accounts, mining and energy, social organization including cooperatives and community action groups, transportation, external commerce, internal commerce, tourism, and communications.