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  1. 1

    [Pharmaceutical and economic aspects of high blood pressure treatment in Morocco] Aspects pharmaco-économiques du traitement de l’hypertension artérielle au Maroc.

    Habbal R; Belaïche A

    Espérance Médicale. 2002 Oct; 9(87):540-544.

    In this article, the authors try to evaluate the scope of under-medication in the case of high blood pressure (HBP) in Morocco, and they attempt to evaluate certain pharmaceutical economic aspects of high blood pressure medication by utilizing the various data in the subject, as presented in tables. Analyses of these data showed the following elements: consumption of high blood pressure medication in Morocco remains quite low in comparison with the theoretical needs of the population, the consumption/need ratio, especially in private/pharmacy consumption corresponds to 2.3% of the needs of the population in HBP medication, a price analysis shows a sizeable variation in these values both between different families of high blood pressure medication and within a single family. The economic factor seems to be the primary obstacle to this consumption. An analysis of monthly costs for HBP treatment shows that they are relatively high, and represent on average, 11% of the Moroccan minimum wage. This chronic condition remains quite common, it affects a third of the adult Moroccan population. And despite the encouraging medical context, care of a hypertensive subject in Morocco remains unsatisfactory, all the more so given that generic antihypertensives remain modest in comparison with other drug classes. Not forgetting the absence of coverage by required health insurance and the relatively low purchasing power. In conclusion, the figures presented do not constitute an accurate image of the reality of consumption of these drugs in Morocco, but represent good indicators in order to allow this consumption to be monitored over several years.
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  2. 2

    Public policy and anthropometric outcomes in Cote d'Ivoire.

    Thomas D; Lavy V; Strauss J

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, 1992. ix, 39 p. (LSMS: Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper No. 89)

    Cote d'Ivoire suffered low economic growth rates in the 1980s which were accompanied by an economic adjustment program including substantial cuts in public spending together with increases in the relative price of foods. Controlling for household resources, the authors analyze indicators of child and adult health status to learn of the impact effected by this policy and related macroeconomic changes. Specifically, they examine height for age and weight for height of children as well as body mass index of adults as determined from survey data. The indicators suggest that the adjustment policy and related measures directly affect the health of Ivorians, especially children. While increasing food prices domestically to be in line with world prices may lead to a more efficient allocation of resources, higher prices in the short run will likely adversely affect Ivorian health as measured by weight for height among children and body mass index among adults. Very large increases in income are needed to offset the negative effects of higher food prices at least in the case of child health.
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  3. 3

    The demand for primary health care services in the Bicol region of the Philippines.

    Akin JS; Griffin CC; Guilkey DK; Popkin BM

    [Unpublished] 1985. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, Massachusetts, March 28-30, 1985. Also published in: Economic Development and Cultural Change 34(4):755-82. 1986 Jul. 26, [21] p.

    Mortality is assumed to be strongly reduced by medical care, however, the effects of medical services on health are often underestimated because some of the same factors which lead to an increased demand for primary health care (PHC) services are also associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Consequently, understanding the determinants of the demand for medical services is important for evaluating health outcomes. This paper estimates the parameters of a simple model of the demand for health services using data from the Bicol Multipurpose Survey data from the Philippines. The parameters of the demand for key components of PHC--outpatient, prenatal, delivery, well-child, and infant immunizations--are estimated. Findings suggest that the quality of the care may be very important, but that economic factors as deterrents to using medical care--inaccessibility, cash costs, and lack of income--may not be of paramount importance. Finally, it is shown that the provision of free services in rural areas may not insure that the services reach the poorest people. (author's modified)
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