Levels and trends of urbanization in Maharashtra (1981-2001).
This paper summarizes the findings of research studies on urbanization, which were undertaken at the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai from 1981 to 2001. Indian Census data have been used to study the nature and pattern of urbanization in India with special reference to the state of Maharashtra. Throughout the last three decades the population of Maharashtra increased at a faster rate than the Indian population in total. After independence (1951), the urban population in Maharashtra also increased. The process of economic development and industrialisation is almost inevitable accompanied by large scale Rural to Urban migration. Between 1981-2001, the average number of towns in the state increased at a decadal rate of about 11 percent. In other demographic aspects, Maharashtra is shown to represent more advanced stage of development. When the Degree and Tempo of Urbanisation are considered, Maharashtra is seen to be the most urbanised state (38.69 percent) in India according to 1991 census. According to 2001 census Maharashtra ranks 2nd with 42.4 percent urbanisation. The analysis of Gini Concentration Ratio and Lorenz Curve, from 1981-2001, reflects very high concentration of urban population in Maharashtra. As a function of economic development within the state, immigration from Rural areas to the large towns is taking place. This is causing the large towns to grow at a faster rate than the small towns. The vertical growth of cities and towns in Maharashtra is reflected in steady increase of the number of Class I to III cities and their population growth and decrease both in the number and growth rate in Class IV to VI towns. The analysis of Rank-size Rule and Primacy Index points at the fact that Mumbai continues to dominate urban scene in Maharashtra. (author's)