Knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive age females about tetanus toxoid vaccine: a pilot study.
Tetanus is a non-communicable infectious disease caused by bacterium Clostridium tetani. Maternal tetanus can occur during pregnancy or within 6 weeks after termination of pregnancy. Women are prone to tetanus while giving birth under unhygienic delivery conditions and low TT (tetanus toxoid) immunization. These conditions put their newborn babies at risk for neonatal tetanus (NNT), which is defined as tetanus occurring in the newborn within 28 days after birth. Pakistan is one of the five countries accounting for 90% of global NNT deaths. The percentage of women receiving two doses of TT vaccine in Pakistan was 56% in 2002, 57% in 2003 and 45% in 2004. There is a need to discover reasons for low TT immunization coverage among females of Pakistan. One reason is demand failure as people do not demand or use immunization due to lack of knowledge about its benefits to them. There is little published data that reveals the knowledge of Pakistani females of reproductive age about the benefits of TT vaccine. This study aimed to estimate the knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive age females about TT vaccine and to find out means to improve TT vaccine outreach to them. (excerpt)